Putting Critical Thinking Back in Medical Education: Creating Technicians vs Clinicians.
Problem solving. Decision-making. Clinical prioritization. Diagnostic reasoning. All are key critical thinking skills that we seek to teach healthcare providers. Strong critical thinkers perform better assessments, avoid premature conclusions, identify more errors, and more rapidly identify best treatment options. But how do we teach the vital critical thinking skills that our students need to become clinicians, not just technicians? Most importantly, how do we instill critical thinking as the habit that will be present throughout a student’s medical career? This presentation discusses the benefits and methods of incorporating critical thinking into your emergency medical education programs including collaborative learning, medical simulation, summation, concept mapping, visualization, and metacognition, along with critical thinking assessment methods and studies of successful integration of critical thinking techniques in prominent health care education programs.